Electric vehicles (EVs) used to be a small niche in the automotive world. However, they’ve been gradually getting more mainstream in recent years. With more options on the market with more useful ranges and affordable pricing, EVs are quickly becoming practical alternatives to traditional gas-powered cars for a broader range of drivers.
How do electric vehicles work?
The nuts and bolts of an electric vehicle are actually quite simple. An electric car uses an electric motor to turn the wheels, and a lithium-ion battery pack usually feeds it. There are typically two motors in an EV with all-wheel drive; one for the front wheels and another for the rear wheels.
EV motors are usually AC synchronous electric motors. A controller delivers power from the battery pack to the motor (or motors). The driver uses the accelerator pedal like a traditional gas pedal, but it controls a pair of variable resistors